Muhammad lived from 570-632 CE. A little more than a hundred years after his death, the Umayyad Caliphate stretched across the Middle East, North Africa, and Spain, becoming the largest empire ever up to that point. In this lesson, students examine a series of documents and consider the question: How did the early Islamic empire expand?
[Teacher Materials, Student Materials, and PowerPoint updated 11/05/14.]
Image credit: Photo of Dome of the Rock (completed 691 CE) taken in 2008. From the Wikimedia Commons.