To answer this question correctly, students must identify the event depicted in an iconic historical photograph and explain why the event is historically significant. For the first question, students should identify that the photo depicts a child killed by police during protests in Soweto, South Africa. For Question 2, successful students might choose to elaborate on one or more of the following:
- The killing of hundreds of black schoolchildren mobilized further resistance to white-minority rule, which destabilized the South African government and eventually led to the end of apartheid in 1990.
- The violence that white police officers used against black student protestors in the Soweto protests drew international attention to the brutality of apartheid in South Africa and mobilized international support for the resistance movement, including economic sanctions that destabilized the South African government.
- The photograph itself became a powerful symbol of the injustice and brutality of apartheid and mobilized domestic and international resistance to apartheid.
Student clearly and specifically identifies the event depicted in the photograph.
Student clearly and specifically explains why the event was historically significant.
Student provides correct information related to the event but does not clearly identify the significant event.
Student correctly elaborates on the event but does not clearly explain why the event is historically significant.
Student does not correctly identify the event.
Student does not provide a correct or relevant explanation for why the event was historically significant.