To answer this question correctly, students must identify the event depicted in a historical photograph and clearly explain why the event is historically significant. For the first question, successful students will identify this as a photo of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). For Question 2, successful students might elaborate on one or more of the following:
- The Russo-Japanese War resulted in a dramatic shift in the balance of power in East Asia. The war severely curtailed Russia’s imperialistic aims in Asia and greatly expanded Japan’s power in the region.
- Russia’s defeat helped fuel the Russian Revolution of 1905, which resulted in significant governmental reforms, including the establishment of a constitutional monarch in place of absolute autocracy.
- The Treaty of Portsmouth was brokered by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, which elevated Roosevelt’s international profile and represented the United States’ growing international influence.
- As part of the peace treaty, Russia acknowledged Japanese imperial claims over the Korean Peninsula. Japan then annexed Korea in 1910.
Student clearly and specifically identifies the event depicted in the photograph.
Student clearly and specifically explains why the event is historically significant.
Student provides correct information related to the event but does not clearly identify the significant event.
Student correctly elaborates on the event but does not clearly explain why the event is historically significant.
Student does not correctly identify the event.
Student does not provide a correct or relevant explanation for why the event is historically significant.