To answer this question correctly, students must see both the strengths and weaknesses of a photograph as evidence of Inca fortification against Spanish attacks. For Question 1, students must explain that the photograph is useful in that it depicts the fortifications used by the Inca. For Question 2, students must explain how the fact that the photograph was taken centuries after the Spanish conquest might make it less useful as evidence.
Student explains that the photograph might be useful evidence in that it depicts an Inca fortification against the Spanish.
Student explains that the photograph is less useful because it was taken centuries after the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.
Student sees that the photograph provides some evidence of the fortifications used by the Inca, but the student makes assumptions about the photograph that go beyond the warrants of the evidence or does not fully explain how the photograph could provide useful evidence.
Student sees that the photograph has limitations but provides an incomplete explanation about why its usefulness is limited.
Student does not provide a relevant explanation for how the photograph could be useful as evidence.
Student does not identify or explain the limitations of the photograph as evidence.