To answer this question correctly, students must select Fact 1 and explain how it might lead them to question the reliability of the account. Fact 1 reveals that Samuel Zwemer was a Christian missionary who had tried to convert Muslims to Christianity. This raises a couple of concerns about the reliability of the document. Zwemer’s ideological perspective may have colored his perceptions of the Islamic societies of the Arabian Peninsula. As a Christian missionary, Zwemer might also have had a vested interest in spreading an anti-Islam message.
Student selects the correct fact and explains how it casts doubt on the reliability of the document.
Student selects the correct fact but does not provide an adequate or complete explanation of how it would lead them to question the reliability of the document.
Student does not select the correct fact or selects the correct fact but does not provide a relevant explanation.