In August 1966, Mao Tse-Tung launched the Cultural Revolution. He encouraged the creation of “Red Guards” to punish party members and others who were harboring counter-revolutionary tendencies.  In the decade that followed, China was turned upside down as millions of Chinese youth attacked traditional standard bearers of power and authority – among them party leaders, teachers, and family members. This lesson explores the motivations of Chinese youth in participating in the Cultural Revolution. Through a series of primary documents, students consider what it may have been like to experience this tumultuous period of Chinese history.

Image: 1971 Cover image of elementary school textbook depicting Red Guards. From the Wikimedia Commons.


Amazing lesson.
This lesson was amazing. I complemented this lesson with a documentary. This lesson allowed them to understand the psychological motivations behind such a revolution. According to some of my students, this lesson really impacted them.
This is my second time using this lesson. I am using it as part of a unit on decolonization and revolution of post-WWII society. I created a lesson with the Great Leap Forward using posters and a short reading on the Great Leap Forward and its effects.
This is great - thank you!
Fantastic lesson. Thanks for making this available. :)
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