The ratification of the Constitution was hotly debated across the country but nowhere as fiercely as in New York. Students read Federalist and Anti-Federalist positions from the New York State Convention to explore the different sides of the debate and to understand who stood on each side.

Image: 1787 Political cartoon lampooning anti-federalists by Amos Doolittle. From the Library of Congress.


There is a PBS American Experience video "Alexander Hamilton", at the 42:00 mark "Melancton Smith" presents his key argument regarding representation followed by "Alexander Hamilton's" argument. It aligns perfectly. It works especially well for second language learners and/or struggling readers.
This was an excellent lesson. I have used this lesson over the last two years in Regents United States History & Government. The documents generated a great deal of discussion. Well done!
I taught this lesson to a freshman class in US History at a vocational technical HS. The vice principal came in to observe me as the class started. Three times later that day when I ran into him he just said, "That was awesome, Elyse."
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